Janakalyan


Mr. Prasen Raptan
8535-264488
91-9448570745
info@jankalyana.org


    
 
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Name of Program
Avoid Farmer Suicide through Water Bank concept

Program Status
Active

   
About Program
Farmers’ suicide is a common phenomenon in our country today; if we think deeply, it is not because of debt he has borrowed but because of lack of assured irrigation. While borrowing the loan, he was very much aware how much he is borrowing, @ what rate of interest, and how much he will have to repay on what date. He was confident of repaying it once he grow crops on his farm. He did not commit suicide till the crop condition was good but only when he failed to provide irrigation mainly due to drought. Imagine if the government could ensure irrigation to his standing crops during this critical time, would the farmer commit suicide? This is what Janakalyan is doing all these years by creating water banks. God gives required quantum of water, but the farmers have no structures to store it. Janakalyan helps the farmers to create such structures to store this excess water for life saving irrigation (this water not only saves the lives of standing crops but also of the farmers). Water is life in this sense is true. Here is an example of Sharanappa Gouda of Belawaniki village of Ron taluk in Gadag district, which is drought hit during current year. While all the farmers lost their standing crops (chilly and onion), Sharanappa could save his entire farm earning about Rs20 lakhs with one life saving irrigation during critical period. Janakalyan, with the financial assistance of donor communities like you, has created 153 such water banks in Ron and Naragund taluks of Gadag district and 53 in Sindhanur taluk of Raichur district. In other words, many farmers’ suicides have been avoided in addition to bringing additional food security and environmental protection to the nation. About 2,500 acres of land has been brought under assured irrigation. It is found that against an investment of Rs71,88,989, a net profit of Rs47,57,111 is gained by these farmers, even during such a bad year. ‘Irrigation’ is the most critical input to enhance productivity and thereby ensure food security; India has built many irrigation dams to provide irrigation facilities to farmlands. During rainy season, upper reach farmers do not require irrigation and thus leave excess water through canals, which inundates standing crops of tail-end farmers. On the other hand, in peak season, upper reach farmers don’t leave any water until they satisfy their irrigation needs, causing drying up of standing crops in tail-end. In both extremities, the tail end farmers are the losers. Over the years, based on their experience, farmers now cultivate only part of their landholding keeping in mind water availability during peak season and leave the remaining land fallow. The land use intensity and productivity has decreased drastically pushing farmers to food insecurity and hunger. Excavation of Water Banks to harvest this excess water and use it for life saving irrigation is the intervention with diversified cropping pattern.

Project Purpose/Objective
Janakalyan has evolved an innovative intervention to tackle 2-extremities as well as making the fallow land useful to ensure 10-securities to small holders. Janakalyan motivates the smallholder farmers to excavate a ‘water harvesting structure’ in fallow part of the land; harvest excess water during rainy season and use it for life saving irrigation (water security-1) during peak season. Thus, 2-extremities of water availability addressed. Cultivate fish (food security-1), plant biomass generating and fruit bearing trees on the bunds of the structure to improve soil fertility (fertility security-2) and ensure fuel-wood (firewood security-3). Grow fodder (fodder security-4) in part of the land to manage 1-2 milch animals for health management as well as regular income (financial security-5); also use the cow excreta for plant protection and soil health improvement (input security-6). Diversify cropping pattern to distribute risk of crop failure – loss by failure of one crop will be compensated by other crops (food security-7). Grow few medicinal plants in part of the land (health security-8). In order to do all these activities, the entire farm families need to engage themselves in the farm activities throughout the year (employment security-9). Cultivation in part of the land for family consumption (food security) and regular income. Further, agriculture without women is a day dream and almost all the productive units proposed in this model are labor intensive demanding women participation and return goes directly to the women (gender balance). If all these are met, the farming family will gain a social status in society (social security-10). This is how 10 securities are ensured to a family targeted under the program. Thus, the objectives of this intervention are- 1) To harvest rainwater & introduce judicious water management practices in farming. 2) To introduce diversified cropping pattern in tail end to distribute risk of crop failure. 3) To bring additional land under cultivation by treating saline/alkaline & degraded soil. 4) To introduce tree plantation for biomass generation and as climate change measure.

Cause Sub Cause Beneficiary Type
  • Agriculture
  • Livelihood
  • Conservation of natural resources and maintaining quality of soil air and water
  • Livelihood enhancement projects
  • Environment
  • Rural poor
  • Women


Activities
The activities to be performed in order to achieve the set targets are - 1) Baseline survey to fix benchmark before intervention with particular farmers of tail end. 2) Identification of experiment and control farmers from same and similar context. 3) Excavation of Water Banks (water harvesting structures). 4) Recording and documentation of the events on day to day basis with cost figures from land preparation to post harvest and marketing, photo & video documentation 5) Result Sharing Programs to analyze the results by the participating and other progressive farmers 6) Scientific analysis of the data collected throughout the project period using appropriate tools and techniques.

Outcome/Impact
The planned outputs are - Excavation of Water Bank 50 Community capacity building 300 Demonstration of diversified crop pattern 50 Productive units development in acres 200 The expected outcomes of the interventions - Increment in land use intensity 49% Generates additional employment 210 person day Increases productivity of land 4.5 Q/acre Brings an additional net-profit Rs9,500/ acre

Project Timeline
The timeline to complete the planned activities in order to achieve the set targets are - 1) Baseline survey to fix benchmark before intervention with particular farmers of tail end. 1 yr 2) Identification of experiment and control farmers from same and similar context 1 yr 3) Excavation of Water Banks (water harvesting structures) - continuous 4) Recording and documentation of the events on day to day basis with cost figures from land preparation to post harvest and marketing, photo & video documentation - continuous 5) Result Sharing Programs to analyze the results by the participating and other progressive farmers 3rd yr 6) Scientific analysis of the data collected throughout the project period using appropriate tools and techniques 3rd year

Program Documents


States where the program is being Implemented

StateCityPincode
KarnatakaRaichur584143
KarnatakaGadag582101