Name of Program
Project Proposal to Save the Girl Child

Program Status

About Program
Preference for sons is one of the most evident manifestations of gender discrimination in our society. Sex-selection has become a rampant phenomenon and technologies that are misused for this purpose are becoming increasingly sophisticated. The use of advanced medical science and technology has made sexual discrimination and the elimination of female babies even before birth an invisible deed. The earlier more crude and visible forms of eliminating females such as choking infants on rice husk have given way to using technology to select sperms carrying the Y chromosome in order to be able to conceive a male child! The widespread practice of sex determination brings to fore a lot of issues linked to it. Medical science and technology are being misused by medical practitioners who provide such options for people at large. They possess the skill and expertise to use these technologies and are also economically benefiting from their misuse. By indulging in such practices they not only violate the law but also the profession’s own code of ethics and conduct, which also puts forth sex selection as a concern of medical ethics. Most importantly, sex selection also is a breach of human rights as far as women are concerned. The selective elimination of women even before birth is a breach of their right to equality and existence. The Pre-Natal Diagnostic Techniques (Regulation and Prevention of Misuse) Act, 1994 (PNDT), as amended in 2003 to The Pre-Conception and Pre-Natal Diagnostic Techniques (Prohibition Of Sex Selection) Act (PC & PNDT Act), is a legislation to curb the abhorrent practice of sex determination and sex selection, which has its roots in India’s long history of strong patriarchal influence in all spheres of life. This has translated into an obsessive preference for sons and discrimination against the girl child and women. It has spawned practices such as female foeticide, bride-burning and sati and lead to the neglect of the girl child in terms of nutrition, education, health care and her overall development. Thus the “elimination” of girls and women is not entirely new to Indian socio-cultural fabric. The obvious result is a sex ratio increasingly adverse to women. (The sex ratio is the ratio of females to thousand males in a population. According to 2001 census, this ratio is 933 women for every 1000 men). The current all-India sex ratio in the 0-6 age group, also called the child sex ratio is 927:1000. The situation could probably have been worse, but for the valiant efforts of some social reformers. However, they have been more successful in some parts of the country than others, as can be seen from the sharp variations in the child sex ratio across regions, with the north and west of India showing larger deficits of girls. The last few decades have seen the situation getting worse, despite the progress the country has been making in almost all other spheres and indicators.

Project Purpose/Objective
1) To catch the wrongdoers using decoy customers etc. in collaboration with the Appropriate Authorities. 2) To study the ongoing court cases filed in court for violations of the provisions of the PC & PNDT Act and suggest/take action for speedy disposal. 3) Break the chain of referrals (doctors, field workers, dais, etc), if any, for doing sex selective abortions. 4) Do medical audits of PNDT records of clinics registered under PC & PNDT Act. 5) To increase accountability of Appropriate Authorities through public pressure, media advocacy, etc. 6) To involve field functionaries and panchayats for early registration of pregnancies and improved birth registration. 7) To conduct training for public prosecutors/Judiciary. Any other proposal which may help in effective implementation of the PC & PNDT Act. 8) To promote and protect the rights of the ABC for their socio-economic, educational and cultural development. 9) To undertake activities for building the capacity of communities to fight against atrocities and ensure social justice and equality. 10) To facilitate developmental interventions for poor and marginal communities through various activities. 11) To develop confidence levels among women for raising issues of atrocities.

Cause Sub Cause Beneficiary Type
  • Education
  • Empowering women
  • Promoting gender equality
  • Children
  • Women

1) Poster Campaigning: Posters on Child Rights, Negatives of Female Foeticide and Legal Actions against the Violators of the PNDT Act, will be designed and pasted on the walls of every nook and corner of slums/localities, Public Places, and Public Gatherings. 2) Film Show: A film about 25 to 30 minutes in the local dialect about the PNDT Act and the importance of female population will be made to build awareness, which will create an enabling environment for the Act. 3) Development and information dissemination of booklets: Booklets on the PNDT Act in local languages will be developed for wide circulation among the community, stake holders, civil societies, government authorities, media, etc. This intends to create awareness on the Act. 4) District level Public Meeting: District level public meetings are proposed to be conducted involving community members, NGO representatives, Civil Society organizations, government officials and Political Representatives. The prime objective of the meetings will be to provide a glimpse on the present status of Female Sex Ratio in Districts, the Acts and Legislation to bring change in Sex Ratio (PNDT Act.) etc. 5) Block level Sensitization Meeting: Block level sensitization meetings are intended to be conducted to include all the stake holders at the block level, such as BDO, CDPO, Tehasildar, Panchayat Samiti Chairperson, Panchayat Samiti Members, Zilla Parishad Members, and other government officials, to sensitize them towards the PC & PNDT Act. 6) Panchayat level Awareness Meeting: Self-Help Group (SHG) leaders, Youth club members, Ward Members, and Village Members, need to be made aware and all the myths about females shall be clarified to them. 7) Media Sensitization Workshop: The media plays an important role in the dissemination of information among the masses. To help sensitize the media on the issues of Female Foeticide and the PNDT Act, it is intended to organize a workshop with representatives from the Print and Electronic Media. 8) Trainings for NGOs: A two day district level training programme will be organized for NGOs from Balasore District in Orissa, on Child Protection Issues and Community Sensitization Skills. This programme will bring a perspective on the issue among the NGOs so that they could address it in their respective areas.

• Increase in understanding levels of the community, Civil Society, Medical Professionals about the issues of Female Foeticide and the PNDT Act. • Increase in publication of girl child-related issues in newspapers and coverage in electronic media. • Stringent action against the violators of the PNDT Act. • Increase in Female Sex Ratio in targeted areas. • Strengthening of NGOs towards addressing issues of Female Foeticide.

Project Timeline
2 years.

Program Documents

States where the program is being Implemented